In the case of loss of one of more teeth, implant prosthetics rehabilitation is the optimal solution for restoring a normal, physiological bite. Good treatment can fully or almost fully restore the natural appearance and string of teeth.
The basis of the treatment is the implant, a small titanium screw which acts as a replacement for the tooth root and is able to support the dentures or crown. Titanium is used because it is not rejected by the body and it fully fuses with the jaw bone, making it biocompatible.
Advantages of dental implants over dental caps or dentures
Dental implants come with many advantages over dental caps or dentures. Dental implants look and function just like natural teeth and are felt by patients as such. With dental implants, healthy teeth need not be filed for supports of fixed prosthetic substitutes – bridges and crowns. A dental implant impedes reabsorption and the loss of height and width of the jaw bone, which supports the teeth.
Practically all patients older than 18 years of age are eligible for having dental implants, with the exception of those who suffer from some systemic diseases. Your dental implantologist will provide you with more details. Nowadays, patients with regulated diabetes, artificial heart valves, etc. can have dental implants without any issues, provided that they observe surgical protocols for their respective condition or disease.
Implantation prosthetics treatment consists of two phases: the surgical and the prosthetic phase. The first step in implantation prosthetics therapy is a discussion with your dental medicine doctor, followed by a thorough dental examination. Radiological diagnostics, panoramic radiograph and CT are used to assess the condition of bone tissue and determine the position for the implant. Experience and adequate education are the main factors when selecting an ideal implantation prosthetics solution.
Subsequently, the dental implant is installed. This surgical procedure is performed under local anaesthesia, the same one used when treating or extracting teeth. Sometimes it may be possible to extract the tooth and place the implant in the same turn, which is called immediate implantation. in almost all cases it is possible to make a temporary tooth to be used for three months, which is how long it takes for the implant to become fixed and fuse with the bone (osseointegration).
The osseointegration phase is followed by the prosthetic treatment phase, which starts with taking a dental impression, sampling different teeth colours and shapes, and ends with shaping for the formation of a normal bite and appearance.
Compared to natural teeth, implant-supported teeth require an equal, perhaps even higher level of hygiene. Aside from comprehensive oral hygiene, regular checkups every six months following the completion of implantation prosthetics rehabilitation are a requirement for long-term maintenance of dental implants.